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Gondwana supercontinent

Ancient Australian plants

Australian dinosaurs, ancient birds and ancient mammals


"In the early 1990s, thermoluminescence dating pushed the time [of Aboriginal settlement] back ... to 50,000 - 60,000 years ago. Improvements in thermoluminescence and carbon dating techniques have settled on roughly 45,000 years as the most likely time of arrival of people in Australia." Lewis, Wendy, Events that Shaped Australia, Sydney: New Holland Publishers, 2006, p.15.

"A study of Y-chromosome variation by Vandenberg and others in 1999 showed that two haplotypes unique to Australian Aborigines fall into two clusters, suggesting two separate lineages and perhaps two separate arrivals.
"A different slant comes from a study of mitochondrial genome data by Ingman and Gyllesten in 2003. This finds that mitochondrial genetic diversity of the Aboriginal people is remarkably high, which, among other things, could point to possible multiple migrations." Lewis, p.15-16.

Discoveries of early people at Lake Mungo

Malakunanja II and Nauwalabila I in Arnhem Land

Lake Mungo, Rock art and Cave Painting site from National Trust of Australia (Western Australia)

This carved head of a crocodile in the Olary region of South Australia is thought to be 30,000 years old. This site also suggests a date of 60,000 years, measured by thermoluminescence, for the earliest arrivals.

Torres Strait Islanders

Dreaming and Religion



Bush tucker

Controlled burning
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Map of the Aboriginal Nations of Australia
Please click on the following link to view this map on the ABC website, where there is a magnifying class to move over the page and enlarge the writing.

Dingo : the dog who conquered a continent / Jackie French.
How long ago did dingoes reach Australia, and how did they manage to arrive here?Jackie French's novel explores the idea that a human was responsible for early arrivals of dingoes more than three and a half thousand years ago. . In this eminently readable book, she describes the journey of a boy in a small boat with a dingo on board and the subsequent struggle for survival when a storm carries them to a place far away from their original destination: a place with hopping animals where humans have seen neither dogs nor dingoes before the arrival of Loa and his animal companion. As usual, Jackie French has an afterword to her story that explains the evidence on which she bases her theories. Dog-loving students will enjoy this book, and it is good for them to see how someone can construct a world and a theory about it from a knowledge of early geography and from early traces of human habitation.
Dingo: The Dog Who Conquered a Continent By Jackie French
Dingo: The Dog Who Conquered a Continent By Jackie French

Fishing for islands : traditional boats and seafarers of the Pacific / written and illustrated by John NicholsonSt Leonards, N.S.W. : Allen & Unwin, 1999.
A description of the boats used in South-east Asia and South Pacific, from rafts
to simple dugouts to double-hulled voyaging canoes to gloriously carved war
canoes. Also shows movement of peoples through the island countries of
South-east Asia, and epic travels of the Polynesians across Pacific.

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